Poultry Slaughter
Poultry Slaughter

ISSN: 1949-1581

Released November 25, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Ready-to-Cook Weight Up 4 Percent from Last Year

October 2018 contained 23 weekdays (including 1 holiday) and 4 Saturdays. 
October 2019 contained 23 weekdays (including 1 holiday) and 4 Saturdays.

Poultry certified wholesome during October 2019 (ready-to-cook weight) 
totaled 4.71 billion pounds, up 4 percent from the amount certified in 
October 2018. The September 2019 revised certified total at 
4.20 billion pounds, was up 8 percent from September 2018. The September 
revision represented an increase of 1.76 million pounds from last month's 
preliminary pounds certified.

The preliminary total live weight of all federally inspected poultry during 
October 2019 was 6.21 billion pounds, up 4 percent from 6.00 billion pounds a 
year ago. Young chickens inspected totaled 5.43 billion pounds, up 5 percent 
from October 2018. Mature chickens, at 69.5 million pounds, were down 
10 percent from the previous year. Turkey inspections totaled 
689 million pounds, down 4 percent from a year ago. Ducks totaled 
17.4 million pounds, down 4 percent from last year.

Young chickens slaughtered during October 2019 averaged 6.40 pounds per bird, 
up 1 percent from October 2018. The average live weight of mature chickens 
was 6.85 pounds per bird, up 4 percent from a year ago. Turkeys slaughtered 
during October 2019 averaged 30.7 pounds per bird, up 2 percent from 
October 2018.

Ante-mortem condemnations during October 2019 totaled 13.9 million pounds. 
Condemnations were 0.22 percent of the live weight inspected, as compared 
with 0.23 percent a year earlier. Post-mortem condemnations, at 
33.0 million pounds, were 0.70 percent of quantities inspected, as compared 
with 0.83 percent a year earlier.

Poultry Slaughtered, Total Live Weight, and Average Live Weight by Type - United States
[Federally inspected only]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :            :            :            : October 2019 as % of  :          January          :        
                    :            :            :            :-----------------------:        to October         :2019 as 
      Commodity     :  October   : September  :  October   :  October  : September :---------------------------:percent 
                    :    2018    :    2019    :    2019    :   2018    :   2019    :    2018     :    2019     :of 2018 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    : ------------ 1,000 head -----------       --- percent ---      ------ 1,000 head ------   percent 
                    :                                                                                                   
Slaughtered         :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:   819,956      766,832      848,535       103         111       7,615,665     7,750,661     102   
  Mature ...........:    11,711        9,814       10,134        87         103         107,414        96,323      90   
    Light ..........:     4,183        2,641        3,084        74         117          39,402        29,285      74   
    Heavy ..........:     7,528        7,173        7,050        94          98          68,012        67,038      99   
  Total ............:   831,667      776,646      858,669       103         111       7,723,079     7,846,984     102   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:    23,682       17,999       22,192        94         123         197,423       189,998      96   
  Old ..............:       194          131          238       123         182           1,417         1,487     105   
  Total ............:    23,876       18,130       22,430        94         124         198,840       191,485      96   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:     2,600        2,220        2,466        95         111          23,037        22,960     100   
                    :                                                                                                   
                    : ----------- 1,000 pounds ----------       --- percent ---      ----- 1,000 pounds -----   percent 
                    :                                                                                                   
Total live weight   :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............: 5,184,403    4,888,978    5,434,750       105         111      47,670,765    48,874,006     103   
  Mature ...........:    76,883       68,894       69,453        90         101         693,106       654,745      94   
    Light ..........:    14,251        9,375       10,715        75         114         135,334       101,436      75   
    Heavy ..........:    62,632       59,519       58,738        94          99         557,772       553,309      99   
  Total ............: 5,261,286    4,957,872    5,504,203       105         111      48,363,871    49,528,751     102   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:   713,325      573,499      681,966        96         119       6,132,053     6,095,153      99   
  Old ..............:     5,577        4,017        7,064       127         176          41,752        44,046     105   
  Total ............:   718,902      577,516      689,030        96         119       6,173,805     6,139,199      99   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:    18,165       15,562       17,394        96         112         160,224       160,962     100   
                    :                                                                                                   
Other 1/ ...........:     1,040          633        1,194       115         189           3,296         3,607     109   
                    :                                                                                                   
Total ..............: 5,999,393    5,551,583    6,211,821       104         112      54,701,196    55,832,519     102   
                    :                                                                                                   
                    :     ------------ pounds -----------       --- percent ---           ------ pounds -----   percent 
                    :                                                                                                   
Average live weight :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:      6.32         6.38         6.40       101         100            6.26          6.31     101   
  Mature ...........:      6.57         7.02         6.85       104          98            6.45          6.80     105   
    Light ..........:      3.41         3.55         3.47       102          98            3.43          3.46     101   
    Heavy ..........:      8.32         8.30         8.33       100         100            8.20          8.25     101   
  Total ............:      6.33         6.38         6.41       101         100            6.26          6.31     101   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:     30.12        31.86        30.73       102          96           31.06         32.08     103   
  Old ..............:     28.75        30.66        29.68       103          97           29.47         29.62     101   
  Total ............:     30.11        31.85        30.72       102          96           31.05         32.06     103   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:      6.99         7.01         7.05       101         101            6.96          7.01     101   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes geese, guineas, ostriches, emus, rheas, and squab.                                                          

Chilled and Frozen Pounds Certified by Type - United States
[Ready-to-cook weights]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :            :            :            : October 2019 as % of  :          January          :        
                    :            :            :            :-----------------------:        to October         :2019 as 
      Commodity     :  October   : September  :  October   :  October  : September :---------------------------:percent 
                    :    2018    :    2019    :    2019    :   2018    :   2019    :    2018     :    2019     :of 2018 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    : ----------- 1,000 pounds ----------       --- percent ---      ----- 1,000 pounds -----   percent 
                    :                                                                                                   
Chilled             :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............: 3,619,859    3,417,055    3,794,762       105         111      33,274,645    34,157,252     103   
  Mature ...........:    50,893       47,427       46,485        91          98         458,110       439,542      96   
    Light ..........:     7,304        4,779        5,404        74         113          69,449        51,669      74   
    Heavy ..........:    43,589       42,648       41,081        94          96         388,661       387,873     100   
  Total ............: 3,670,752    3,464,482    3,841,247       105         111      33,732,755    34,596,794     103   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:   365,491      291,252      354,212        97         122       3,024,379     3,066,067     101   
  Old ..............:     4,183        2,701        5,312       127         197          30,703        31,933     104   
  Total ............:   369,674      293,953      359,524        97         122       3,055,082     3,098,000     101   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:     5,368        4,444        4,916        92         111          44,689        44,116      99   
                    :                                                                                                   
Other 1/ ...........:       197          147          232       118         158           1,322         1,487     112   
                    :                                                                                                   
Total ..............: 4,045,991    3,763,026    4,205,919       104         112      36,833,848    37,740,397     102   
                    :                                                                                                   
Frozen              :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:   289,157      263,476      301,648       104         114       2,646,627     2,653,735     100   
  Mature ...........:         -            -            -       (X)         (X)              10            77     770   
    Light ..........:         -            -            -       (X)         (X)              10             -     (X)   
    Heavy ..........:         -            -            -       (X)         (X)               -            77     (X)   
  Total ............:   289,157      263,476      301,648       104         114       2,646,637     2,653,812     100   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:   203,178      166,515      191,724        94         115       1,876,713     1,801,734      96   
  Old ..............:        90          349           80        89          23             779         1,251     161   
  Total ............:   203,268      166,864      191,804        94         115       1,877,492     1,802,985      96   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:     7,953        6,910        7,736        97         112          72,183        73,238     101   
                    :                                                                                                   
Other 1/ ...........:       456          248          520       114         210             857           852      99   
                    :                                                                                                   
Total ..............:   500,834      437,498      501,708       100         115       4,597,169     4,530,887      99   
                    :                                                                                                   
Chilled and frozen  :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............: 3,909,016    3,680,531    4,096,410       105         111      35,921,272    36,810,987     102   
  Mature ...........:    50,893       47,427       46,485        91          98         458,120       439,619      96   
    Light ..........:     7,304        4,779        5,404        74         113          69,459        51,669      74   
    Heavy ..........:    43,589       42,648       41,081        94          96         388,661       387,950     100   
  Total ............: 3,959,909    3,727,958    4,142,895       105         111      36,379,392    37,250,606     102   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:   568,669      457,767      545,936        96         119       4,901,092     4,867,801      99   
  Old ..............:     4,273        3,050        5,392       126         177          31,482        33,184     105   
  Total ............:   572,942      460,817      551,328        96         120       4,932,574     4,900,985      99   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:    13,321       11,354       12,652        95         111         116,872       117,354     100   
                    :                                                                                                   
Other 1/ ...........:       653          395          752       115         190           2,179         2,339     107   
                    :                                                                                                   
Total ..............: 4,546,825    4,200,524    4,707,627       104         112      41,431,017    42,271,284     102   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                                                    
(X) Not applicable.                                                                                                     
1/  Includes geese, guineas, and squab.                                                                                 

Ante-Mortem Condemnations by Type - United States
[Federally inspected only]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :            :            :            : October 2019 as % of  :          January          :        
                    :            :            :            :-----------------------:        to October         :2019 as 
      Commodity     :  October   : September  :  October   :  October  : September :---------------------------:percent 
                    :    2018    :    2019    :    2019    :   2018    :   2019    :    2018     :    2019     :of 2018 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   --------- 1,000 pounds ---------        --- percent ---        ---- 1,000 pounds ---    percent 
                    :                                                                                                   
Live weight         :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:   11,690       11,350       11,746        100         103        109,367       109,269      100   
  Mature ...........:      613          572          480         78          84          7,022         5,824       83   
    Light ..........:      186          117           82         44          70          2,189         1,178       54   
    Heavy ..........:      427          455          398         93          87          4,833         4,646       96   
  Total ............:   12,303       11,922       12,226         99         103        116,389       115,093       99   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys ............:                                                                                                   
  Young ............:    1,655        1,588        1,522         92          96         16,034        16,865      105   
  Old ..............:       46           47           53        115         113            421           417       99   
  Total ............:    1,701        1,635        1,575         93          96         16,455        17,282      105   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:       72           91           95        132         104            652           790      121   
                    :                                                                                                   
Total 1/ ...........:   14,078       13,651       13,900         99         102        133,501       133,177      100   
                    :                                                                                                   
                    :                                              percent                                              
                    :                                                                                                   
Percent of live     :                                                                                                   
weight condemned 2/ :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:     0.23         0.23         0.22         96          96           0.23          0.22       96   
  Mature ...........:     0.80         0.83         0.69         86          83           1.01          0.89       88   
    Light ..........:     1.31         1.25         0.77         59          62           1.62          1.16       72   
    Heavy ..........:     0.68         0.76         0.68        100          89           0.87          0.84       97   
  Total ............:     0.23         0.24         0.22         96          92           0.24          0.23       96   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:     0.23         0.28         0.22         96          79           0.26          0.28      108   
  Old ..............:     0.82         1.17         0.75         91          64           1.01          0.95       94   
  Total ............:     0.24         0.28         0.23         96          82           0.27          0.28      104   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:     0.40         0.58         0.55        138          95           0.41          0.49      120   
                    :                                                                                                   
Total 1/ ...........:     0.23         0.25         0.22         96          88           0.24          0.24      100   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes geese, guineas, and squab.                                                                                  
2/ Pounds condemned as a percent of live weight pounds inspected.                                                       

Post-Mortem Condemnations by Type - United States
[Federally inspected only]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :            :            :            : October 2019 as % of  :          January          :        
                    :            :            :            :-----------------------:        to October         :2019 as 
      Commodity     :  October   : September  :  October   :  October  : September :---------------------------:percent 
                    :    2018    :    2019    :    2019    :   2018    :   2019    :    2018     :    2019     :of 2018 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   --------- 1,000 pounds ---------        --- percent ---        ---- 1,000 pounds ---    percent 
                    :                                                                                                   
Carcass and parts   :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:   28,036       21,533       23,448         84         109        275,026       241,838       88   
  Mature ...........:    1,855        1,632        1,679         91         103         17,721        16,529       93   
    Light ..........:      434          382          472        109         124          4,316         3,887       90   
    Heavy ..........:    1,421        1,250        1,207         85          97         13,405        12,642       94   
  Total ............:   29,891       23,165       25,127         84         108        292,747       258,367       88   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:    7,474        6,386        7,281         97         114         69,432        70,305      101   
  Old ..............:      159          152          225        142         148          1,687         1,503       89   
  Total ............:    7,633        6,538        7,506         98         115         71,119        71,808      101   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:      330          315          327         99         104          3,108         2,993       96   
                    :                                                                                                   
Other 1/ ...........:        8            5            8        100         160             31            32      103   
                    :                                                                                                   
Total ..............:   37,862       30,023       32,968         87         110        367,005       333,200       91   
                    :                                                                                                   
                    :                                              percent                                              
                    :                                                                                                   
Percent of          :                                                                                                   
weight condemned 2/ :                                                                                                   
Chickens            :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:     0.71         0.58         0.57         80          98           0.76          0.65       86   
  Mature ...........:     3.52         3.33         3.49         99         105           3.72          3.62       97   
    Light ..........:     5.61         7.40         8.03        143         109           5.85          7.00      120   
    Heavy ..........:     3.16         2.85         2.85         90         100           3.33          3.16       95   
  Total ............:     0.75         0.62         0.60         80          97           0.80          0.69       86   
                    :                                                                                                   
Turkeys             :                                                                                                   
  Young ............:     1.30         1.38         1.32        102          96           1.40          1.42      101   
  Old ..............:     3.59         4.75         4.01        112          84           5.09          4.33       85   
  Total ............:     1.31         1.40         1.34        102          96           1.42          1.44      101   
                    :                                                                                                   
Ducks ..............:     2.42         2.70         2.52        104          93           2.59          2.49       96   
                    :                                                                                                   
Other 1/ ...........:     1.21         1.25         1.05         87          84           1.40          1.35       96   
                    :                                                                                                   
Total ..............:     0.83         0.71         0.70         84          99           0.88          0.78       89   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes geese, guineas, and squab.                                                                                  
2/ Pounds condemned as a percent of pounds certified plus post-mortem condemnations.                                    

Condemned Post-Mortem by Cause and Type - United States: September and October 2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Commodity     :    Tuberculosis     :      Leukosis       :     Septicaemia     
                   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                   :September : October  :September : October  :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              head                               
                   :                                                                 
Chickens           :                                                                 
  Young ...........:    -          -        1,489      1,490     596,865    614,132  
  Mature ..........:    -          -          129        154      62,248     84,010  
    Light .........:    -          -           71        110      38,177     57,863  
    Heavy .........:    -          -           58         44      24,071     26,147  
  Total ...........:    -          -        1,618      1,644     659,113    698,142  
                   :                                                                 
Turkeys            :                                                                 
  Young ...........:    -          -           16         20      12,658     23,852  
  Old .............:    -          -            9          3         899      1,347  
  Total ...........:    -          -           25         23      13,557     25,199  

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Commodity     :    Airsacculitis    :      Synovitis      :       Tumors        
                   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                   :September : October  :September : October  :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              head                               
                   :                                                                 
Chickens           :                                                                 
  Young ...........: 271,354    271,314     1,559      1,940      15,383     16,602  
  Mature ..........:  10,200     10,325       121        172      31,826     31,231  
    Light .........:   5,345      5,230        58        128      16,964     15,914  
    Heavy .........:   4,855      5,095        63         44      14,862     15,317  
  Total ...........: 281,554    281,639     1,680      2,112      47,209     47,833  
                   :                                                                 
Turkeys            :                                                                 
  Young ...........:   2,762      3,554       165        349          83        101  
  Old .............:     612        605         2          1         152        263  
  Total ...........:   3,374      4,159       167        350         235        364  

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Commodity     :       Bruises       :       Cadaver       :    Contamination    
                   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                   :September : October  :September : October  :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              head                               
                   :                                                                 
Chickens           :                                                                 
  Young ...........:  7,975       9,165     42,702     44,340     92,950    100,577  
  Mature ..........:  1,152       1,976        296        408     16,064     21,443  
    Light .........:    961       1,774        163        237     13,823     18,327  
    Heavy .........:    191         202        133        171      2,241      3,116  
  Total ...........:  9,127      11,141     42,998     44,748    109,014    122,020  
                   :                                                                 
Turkeys            :                                                                 
  Young ...........:     97         126        445        825        688      1,171  
  Old .............:     10          10         13         32         79         51  
  Total ...........:    107         136        458        857        767      1,222  

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Commodity     :      Overscald      :  Miscellaneous 1/   :        Total        
                   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                   :September : October  :September : October  :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              head                               
                   :                                                                 
Chickens           :                                                                 
  Young ...........:  31,623     36,512    588,324    619,103   1,650,224  1,715,175 
  Mature ..........:   1,207        652     69,584     65,812     192,827    216,183 
    Light .........:      11         40     32,968     37,373     108,541    136,996 
    Heavy .........:   1,196        612     36,616     28,439      84,286     79,187 
  Total ...........:  32,830     37,164    657,908    684,915   1,843,051  1,931,358 
                   :                                                                 
Turkeys            :                                                                 
  Young ...........:     211        375     10,257     11,881      27,382     42,254 
  Old .............:       4         10      1,000      1,034       2,780      3,356 
  Total ...........:     215        385     11,257     12,915      30,162     45,610 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                  
1/ Includes any portion of the carcass affected by an inflammatory process,          
   plant-rejected carcasses, missing viscera, or ascites fluid preventing proper     
   inspection of the carcass.                                                        

Young Chickens Slaughtered, Total Live Weight, and Average Live Weight - States and
United States: September and October 2019
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :       Slaughtered       :          Total          :       Average       
                 :                         :       live weight       :     live weight     
      State      :-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : September  :  October   : September  :  October   :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  ---- 1,000 head ----     ---- 1,000 pounds ----     ----- pounds ----  
                 :                                                                         
Alabama .........:   96,394      107,957       534,650      599,586       5.55       5.55  
Alaska ..........:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
Arizona .........:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
Arkansas ........:   84,188       94,683       569,767      639,870       6.77       6.76  
California ......:   20,440       22,472       127,779      142,498       6.25       6.34  
Colorado ........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Connecticut .....:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
Delaware ........:   31,400       35,929       231,215      263,775       7.36       7.34  
Florida .........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Georgia .........:  107,074      116,342       661,715      717,856       6.18       6.17  
                 :                                                                         
Hawaii ..........:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
Idaho ...........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Illinois ........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Indiana .........:    6,167        6,764        28,188       31,135       4.57       4.60  
Iowa ............:      965          693         5,459        3,870       5.65       5.58  
Kansas ..........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Kentucky ........:   24,117       26,693       159,727      176,339       6.62       6.61  
Louisiana .......:   15,541       17,504       100,235      113,672       6.45       6.49  
Maine ...........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Maryland ........:   11,302       12,153        70,974       76,979       6.28       6.33  
                 :                                                                         
Massachusetts ...:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
Michigan ........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Minnesota .......:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Mississippi .....:   60,294       66,547       382,380      425,421       6.34       6.39  
Missouri ........:   37,136       40,268       187,863      205,400       5.06       5.10  
Montana .........:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
Nebraska ........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Nevada ..........:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
New Hampshire ...:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
New Jersey ......:      121          135           571          631       4.73       4.65  
                 :                                                                         
New Mexico ......:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
New York ........:    2,370        2,275        11,615       10,875       4.90       4.78  
North Carolina ..:   73,860       81,405       600,919      665,859       8.14       8.18  
North Dakota ....:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
Ohio ............:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Oklahoma ........:   12,011       13,627        87,470      101,686       7.28       7.46  
Oregon ..........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Pennsylvania ....:   10,195       10,852        57,919       60,287       5.68       5.56  
Rhode Island ....:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
South Carolina ..:   24,785       26,494       185,247      201,675       7.47       7.61  
                 :                                                                         
South Dakota ....:      (D)            -           (D)            -        (D)          -  
Tennessee .......:   25,302       27,963       138,066      151,779       5.46       5.43  
Texas ...........:   58,316       65,193       385,090      434,558       6.60       6.67  
Utah ............:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
Vermont .........:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Virginia ........:   26,042       29,468       162,658      185,131       6.25       6.28  
Washington ......:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
West Virginia ...:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Wisconsin .......:      (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)        (D)        (D)  
Wyoming .........:        -            -             -            -          -          -  
                 :                                                                         
United States ...:  766,832      848,535     4,888,978    5,434,750       6.38       6.40  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                       
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                           

Young Chickens Pounds Certified and Post-Mortem Condemnations - States and United States:
September and October 2019
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                         :           Post-mortem condemnations           
                 :Total chilled and frozen :-----------------------------------------------
      State      :   pounds certified 1/   :    Carcass and parts    :     Percent 2/      
                 :-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : September  :  October   : September  :  October   :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : ----------------- 1,000 pounds ----------------      ---- percent ----  
                 :                                                                         
Alabama .........:   407,841      457,423       2,036        2,372        0.50       0.52  
Alaska ..........:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
Arizona .........:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
Arkansas ........:   429,245      482,001       1,830        1,966        0.42       0.41  
California ......:    95,833      106,927         869          938        0.90       0.87  
Colorado ........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Connecticut .....:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
Delaware ........:   178,616      203,770       1,162        1,277        0.65       0.62  
Florida .........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Georgia .........:   496,394      538,865       3,041        3,103        0.61       0.57  
                 :                                                                         
Hawaii ..........:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
Idaho ...........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Illinois ........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Indiana .........:    20,570       22,750          64          106        0.31       0.47  
Iowa ............:     3,800        2,729         312          215        7.59       7.29  
Kansas ..........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Kentucky ........:   121,229      133,434         787          931        0.65       0.69  
Louisiana .......:    75,604       85,806         305          353        0.40       0.41  
Maine ...........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Maryland ........:    52,953       57,399         305          321        0.57       0.56  
                 :                                                                         
Massachusetts ...:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
Michigan ........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Minnesota .......:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Mississippi .....:   288,938      320,210       1,734        1,874        0.60       0.58  
Missouri ........:   137,933      151,308         628          597        0.45       0.39  
Montana .........:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
Nebraska ........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Nevada ..........:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
New Hampshire ...:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
New Jersey ......:       406          453           6            5        1.47       1.08  
                 :                                                                         
New Mexico ......:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
New York ........:     7,086        6,648         186          172        2.55       2.52  
North Carolina ..:   461,994      512,226       2,224        2,255        0.48       0.44  
North Dakota ....:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
Ohio ............:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Oklahoma ........:    65,667       76,299         258          293        0.39       0.38  
Oregon ..........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Pennsylvania ....:    39,337       41,397       1,058        1,011        2.62       2.39  
Rhode Island ....:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
South Carolina ..:   139,614      151,845         901          992        0.64       0.65  
                 :                                                                         
South Dakota ....:       (D)            -         (D)            -         (D)        (X)  
Tennessee .......:   101,792      111,840         689          820        0.67       0.73  
Texas ...........:   290,489      331,276       1,843        2,293        0.63       0.69  
Utah ............:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
Vermont .........:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Virginia ........:   117,317      133,909         427          470        0.36       0.35  
Washington ......:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
West Virginia ...:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Wisconsin .......:       (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Wyoming .........:         -            -           -            -         (X)        (X)  
                 :                                                                         
United States ...: 3,680,531    4,096,410      21,533       23,448        0.58       0.57  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                       
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                           
(X) Not applicable.                                                                        
1/  Ready-to-cook weights.                                                                 
2/  Pounds condemned as percent of pounds certified plus post-mortem condemnations.        

Young Chickens Condemned Post-Mortem by Cause - States and United States: September
and October 2019
[Published States do not add to United States total to avoid disclosure]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       State       :    Tuberculosis     :      Leukosis       :     Septicaemia     
                   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                   :September : October  :September : October  :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              head                               
                   :                                                                 
Alabama ...........:    -          -          225        141      40,415     43,774  
Arkansas ..........:    -          -           45         45      48,594     49,132  
Delaware ..........:    -          -          415        391      41,247     44,130  
Georgia ...........:    -          -           27         20      57,855     58,154  
Mississippi .......:    -          -           76         49      13,372     15,449  
North Carolina ....:    -          -           96         71      48,028     48,314  
Texas .............:    -          -           99        108      55,340     54,745  
Virginia ..........:    -          -           22         16      15,913     17,805  
                   :                                                                 
United States .....:    -          -        1,489      1,490     596,865    614,132  

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       State       :    Airsacculitis    :      Synovitis      :       Tumors        
                   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                   :September : October  :September : October  :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              head                               
                   :                                                                 
Alabama ...........:  30,097     30,933       106        177       1,326      1,388  
Arkansas ..........:  19,062     20,010       103        107       1,083      1,142  
Delaware ..........:  20,122     23,377        73        207         570        625  
Georgia ...........:  82,327     63,769        80         77       2,112      2,027  
Mississippi .......:   7,104      7,390       138         74         803        716  
North Carolina ....:  12,752     13,392        59         40       1,201      1,227  
Texas .............:  16,223     17,910       180        112       1,010      1,003  
Virginia ..........:   9,979     13,335        10         16         340        394  
                   :                                                                 
United States .....: 271,354    271,314     1,559      1,940      15,383     16,602  

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       State       :       Bruises       :       Cadaver       :    Contamination    
                   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                   :September : October  :September : October  :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              head                               
                   :                                                                 
Alabama ...........:    563        641       3,332      4,395     13,423     15,718  
Arkansas ..........:    212        210       3,216      2,416      5,176      6,469  
Delaware ..........:    715        758       2,129      2,284      5,095      5,064  
Georgia ...........:    550        687      11,218      9,838     25,325     25,778  
Mississippi .......:    779      1,058       3,361      3,958      2,014      2,193  
North Carolina ....:    452        446       4,786      5,034      2,798      2,554  
Texas .............:    493        505         291        296      3,858      4,030  
Virginia ..........:    470        548         623        711      1,920      1,973  
                   :                                                                 
United States .....:  7,975      9,165      42,702     44,340     92,950    100,577  

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       State       :      Overscald      :  Miscellaneous 1/   :        Total        
                   :-----------------------------------------------------------------
                   :September : October  :September : October  :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                              head                               
                   :                                                                 
Alabama ...........:     635      1,934     26,287     27,144     116,409    126,245 
Arkansas ..........:   1,907      1,860     99,952    115,625     179,350    197,016 
Delaware ..........:   3,741      4,944     12,222     15,868      86,329     97,648 
Georgia ...........:   3,221      3,008     75,468     64,898     258,183    228,256 
Mississippi .......:     779        757      9,676     10,718      38,102     42,362 
North Carolina ....:   2,683      2,010     32,346     30,806     105,201    103,894 
Texas .............:     661        269     16,147     16,006      94,302     94,984 
Virginia ..........:     701        424      9,172     14,691      39,150     49,913 
                   :                                                                 
United States .....:  31,623     36,512    588,324    619,103   1,650,224  1,715,175 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                                  
1/ Includes any portion of the carcass affected by an inflammatory process,          
   plant-rejected carcasses, missing viscera, or ascites fluid preventing proper     
   inspection of the carcass.                                                        

Young Turkeys Slaughtered, Total Live Weight, and Average Live Weight - States and
United States: September and October 2019
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :       Slaughtered       :          Total          :       Average       
                 :                         :       live weight       :     live weight     
      State      :-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : September  :  October   : September  :  October   :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   ---- 1,000 head ---      --- 1,000 pounds ---      ----- pounds ----  
                 :                                                                         
Alabama .........:        -          (D)            -          (D)           -        (D)  
Alaska ..........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Arizona .........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Arkansas ........:    2,195        3,454       42,553       67,260       19.39      19.48  
California ......:      682        1,300       20,996       34,592       30.79      26.61  
Colorado ........:        -          (D)            -          (D)           -        (D)  
Connecticut .....:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Delaware ........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Florida .........:      (D)            -          (D)            -         (D)          -  
Georgia .........:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
                 :                                                                         
Hawaii ..........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Idaho ...........:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Illinois ........:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Indiana .........:    1,891        2,121       74,109       81,267       39.19      38.32  
Iowa ............:    1,077        1,236       45,494       51,500       42.25      41.65  
Kansas ..........:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Kentucky ........:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Louisiana .......:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Maine ...........:        -          (D)            -          (D)           -        (D)  
Maryland ........:      (D)            -          (D)            -         (D)          -  
                 :                                                                         
Massachusetts ...:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Michigan ........:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Minnesota .......:    3,415        3,737       91,692      101,287       26.85      27.10  
Mississippi .....:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Missouri ........:      915        1,015       30,948       34,474       33.84      33.98  
Montana .........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Nebraska ........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Nevada ..........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
New Hampshire ...:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
New Jersey ......:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
                 :                                                                         
New Mexico ......:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
New York ........:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
North Carolina ..:    1,808        2,089       68,672       78,187       37.98      37.43  
North Dakota ....:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Ohio ............:      525          613       23,631       28,299       45.02      46.15  
Oklahoma ........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Oregon ..........:      (D)            -          (D)            -         (D)          -  
Pennsylvania ....:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Rhode Island ....:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
South Carolina ..:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
                 :                                                                         
South Dakota ....:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Tennessee .......:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Texas ...........:      332          372        4,631        5,350       13.95      14.40  
Utah ............:      (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)        (D)  
Vermont .........:        -            8           14          247       31.88      31.67  
Virginia ........:    2,105        2,434       56,884       65,666       27.02      26.98  
Washington ......:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
West Virginia ...:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
Wisconsin .......:      505          597       21,217       24,969       41.99      41.82  
Wyoming .........:        -            -            -            -           -          -  
                 :                                                                         
United States ...:   17,999       22,192      573,499      681,966       31.86      30.73  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                       
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                           

Young Turkeys Pounds Certified and Post-Mortem Condemnations - States and United States:
September and October 2019
[Data may not add to totals due to rounding]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                         :           Post-mortem condemnations           
                 :Total chilled and frozen :-----------------------------------------------
      State      :   pounds certified 1/   :    Carcass and parts    :     Percent 2/      
                 :-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : September  :  October   : September  :  October   :September : October  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  ---------------- 1,000 pounds ---------------       ---- percent ----  
                 :                                                                         
Alabama .........:        -          (D)           -          (D)          (X)        (D)  
Alaska ..........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Arizona .........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Arkansas ........:   35,418       56,080         322          440         0.90       0.78  
California ......:   16,774       27,880         210          212         1.24       0.75  
Colorado ........:        -          (D)           -          (D)          (X)        (D)  
Connecticut .....:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Delaware ........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Florida .........:      (D)            -         (D)            -          (D)        (X)  
Georgia .........:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
                 :                                                                         
Hawaii ..........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Idaho ...........:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
Illinois ........:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
Indiana .........:   60,013       65,732         933        1,065         1.53       1.59  
Iowa ............:   35,838       40,591         541          640         1.49       1.55  
Kansas ..........:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
Kentucky ........:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
Louisiana .......:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Maine ...........:        -          (D)           -          (D)          (X)        (D)  
Maryland ........:      (D)            -         (D)            -          (D)        (X)  
                 :                                                                         
Massachusetts ...:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Michigan ........:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
Minnesota .......:   73,568       81,303         986        1,178         1.32       1.43  
Mississippi .....:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Missouri ........:   25,019       27,839         184          188         0.73       0.67  
Montana .........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Nebraska ........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Nevada ..........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
New Hampshire ...:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
New Jersey ......:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
                 :                                                                         
New Mexico ......:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
New York ........:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
North Carolina ..:   53,901       61,564         427          404         0.79       0.65  
North Dakota ....:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Ohio ............:   18,897       22,652         271          298         1.41       1.30  
Oklahoma ........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Oregon ..........:      (D)            -         (D)            -          (D)        (X)  
Pennsylvania ....:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
Rhode Island ....:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
South Carolina ..:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
                 :                                                                         
South Dakota ....:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
Tennessee .......:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Texas ...........:    3,890        4,511          35           44         0.90       0.97  
Utah ............:      (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)        (D)  
Vermont .........:       11          200           -            1          (X)       0.56  
Virginia ........:   45,098       52,015         860          862         1.87       1.63  
Washington ......:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
West Virginia ...:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
Wisconsin .......:   16,806       19,751         241          301         1.42       1.50  
Wyoming .........:        -            -           -            -          (X)        (X)  
                 :                                                                         
United States ...:  457,767      545,936       6,386        7,281         1.38       1.32  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-   Represents zero.                                                                       
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                           
(X) Not applicable.                                                                        
1/  Ready-to-cook weights.                                                                 
2/  Pounds condemned as percent of pounds certified plus post-mortem condemnations.        

Terms and Definitions Used for Poultry Slaughter Estimates

Ante-Mortem Condemnations: Birds condemned prior to their entry into the 
slaughter plant.

Average Live Weight: The weight of the whole bird, before slaughter. Excludes 
post-mortem condemnations.

Certified Ready-to-Cook: The weight of poultry certified wholesome by 
inspection after post-mortem condemnation pounds are removed. Ready-to-cook 
represents poultry meat ready for the marketing channel.

Dressing Percent: Usually expressed as a percentage yield of frozen and 
chilled carcass in relation to the weight of the live bird.  

Ducks: Includes all ducks regardless of age and weight. 

Federally Inspected (FI) Plants: Plants that transport meat interstate must 
employ federal inspectors to assure compliance with USDA standards.  

Mature Chickens: Fowl from breeder and market egg flocks and stags and cocks.

Number of Head: Includes post-mortem condemnations.

Old Turkeys: Fully matured birds held for egg production, usually over 15 
months of age. 

Plant, Slaughter: An establishment where birds are killed and butchered.

Post-Mortem Condemnations: Carcasses or parts condemned by the inspector 
because of disease or mishandling and removed from the slaughter line and 
destroyed.

Slaughter: Killing and butchering of birds primarily for food.

Total Live Weight: The total weight of live birds, before slaughter. Excludes 
post-mortem condemnations.

Young Chickens: Commercially grown broilers-fryers and other young immature 
birds such as roasters and capons. 

Young Turkeys: Young birds grown to a matured market age, and other turkeys 
such as fryers/roasters and young breeders. 

Statistical Methodology

Data Sources: Data for poultry slaughter estimates are collected by 
inspectors of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), USDA for all 
Federally Inspected plants. Over 99 percent of the total United States 
slaughter for any species is under Federal Inspection. The number of head 
slaughtered daily, by species and class, as well as condemnations and total 
live and dressed weights are obtained by shift for each plant. Approximately 
320 plants slaughtered poultry in the United States under Federal Inspection 
in 2017. Young chickens were slaughtered in 40 States, young turkeys in 33 
States.

Revision Policy: Data for the previous month and year-to-date totals are 
subject to revision the following month after the initial monthly estimates 
are published. Final data are published in the annual summary released in 
February and include any revisions made to current and previous year's 
published data. Revisions are generally the result of late reports or 
corrections received by FSIS from plants and are usually less than one-half 
of one percent. No revisions will be made to the previous year's data after 
publication of the annual summary in February.  

Procedures and Reliability: Plant inspectors submit data electronically for 
each shift a plant operates. An edit provides checks for the detection of 
errors such as invalid plant information, duplication, and erroneous data. 
Data are accumulated to monthly totals for this release. 
					
Data for major slaughter plants with missing reports are adjusted prior to 
publication to assure that all plants slaughtering a significant portion of a 
specific class are included. Estimates for missing shifts are made only after 
verifying that the plant was in operation. Adjustments are based on a shift 
determined to be similar to the one missing. Late reports replace imputed 
data as they become available. While there is a varying degree of 
incompleteness from month to month, it has only a minimal impact on the 
published totals.

Poultry slaughter estimates are based on a census of operating plants and, 
therefore, have no sampling error. However, they may be subject to errors 
such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in reporting, recording, and 
processing the data. These errors are minimized through strict quality 
controls in the edit and summarization process, and a careful review of all 
reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock Branch of the National 
Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may 
be sent to nass@nass.usda.gov

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ..................................... (202) 692-0069

Tony Dorn, Head, Poultry and Specialty Commodities Section .................. (202) 690-3223
   Holly Brenize - Poultry Slaughter......................................... (202) 720-0585
   Alissa Cowell-Mytar - Cold Storage, Capacity of Refrigerated Warehouses .. (202) 720-4751
   Liana Cuffman - Catfish and Trout, Mink, Census of Aquaculture ........... (202) 720-8784
   Fatema Haque - Turkey Hatchery, Turkeys Raised ........................... (202) 690-3244 
   Kim Linonis - Layers, Eggs, Egg Products ................................. (202) 690-3676
   Adam Peters - Honey, Honey Bee Colonies .................................. (202) 690-3237
   Takiyah Walker - Broiler Hatchery, Chicken Hatchery ...................... (202) 720-6147

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov.