Cotton System Consumption and Stocks
Cotton System Consumption and Stocks

ISSN: 2378-2471

Released December 2, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Highlights

September 2019 contained 30 days.
October 2019 contained 31 days.

Extra long staple cotton consumed on the cotton system was 634,000 pounds in 
October 2019, up 1 percent from September 2019 but down 27 percent from 
October 2018. October 2019 stocks on hand on the last Saturday of the month 
totaled 1.42 million pounds, up 6 percent from September 2019 but down 
18 percent from October 2018. 

Total Manmade fiber consumed on the cotton system was 32.6 million pounds 
during October 2019, down 9 percent from September 2019 and down 11 percent 
from October 2018. Of the total manmade fiber consumed, 90 percent was 
polyester staple.

Total number of spindles on the cotton system was 1.25 million during October 
2019. Active spindles consuming 100 percent cotton was 635,000 in October 
2019, down 2 percent from September 2019 and down 3 percent from October 
2018.

Consumption and Stocks - United States: October 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            : October 2018  :September 2019 : October 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Extra long staple                                           :                                               
  Consumed                                                  :                                               
    Running bales ....................................number:     1,744           1,263           1,283     
    Weight .....................................1,000 pounds:       872             625             634     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month)               :                                               
    Running bales ....................................number:     3,473           2,687           2,845     
    Weight .....................................1,000 pounds:     1,738           1,343           1,421     
                                                            :                                               
Rayon and acetate staple                                    :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:     1,131           1,029             938     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:     1,031           1,299           1,968     
                                                            :                                               
Polyester staple                                            :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:    33,408          33,036          29,406     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:    20,478          37,430          36,561     
                                                            :                                               
Other manmade fiber staple                                  :                                               
  Consumed .....................................1,000 pounds:     1,943           1,692           2,256     
  Stocks on hand (last Saturday of the month) ..1,000 pounds:     3,012           2,584           2,009     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Spindles in Place, Active Spindles and Spindle Hours Operated - United States: October 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Item                            : October 2018  :September 2019 : October 2019  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cotton-system spindles in place                             :                                               
  Ring spindles .......................................1,000:      952             947             917      
  Airjet spindles .....................................1,000:       34              26              26      
  Open-end spindles ...................................1,000:      310             305             305      
                                                            :                                               
Cotton-system spindles active                               :                                               
  Spindles consuming 100% cotton ......................1,000:      658             649             635      
                                               million hours:      501             446             475      
  Spindles consuming 100% manmade fiber ...............1,000:       41              53              37      
                                               million hours:       23              29              18      
  Spindles consuming mixtures or blends ...............1,000:      573             508             533      
                                               million hours:      427             326             375      
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Statistical Methodology 

Survey Procedures: Cotton System Consumption and Stocks is part of the 
Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) program. CAIR reports are 
administered under NASS's Census of Agriculture program. Response to CAIR 
surveys are required by law (Title 7, U.S. Code). Data are collected from all 
known mills that consume cotton.

The census universe was determined during operation profile interviews which 
were completed for each potential facility to identify the presence of cotton 
consumption and spindle activity in 2014. 

In the Cotton and Manmade Fiber Staple survey questionnaires, mills are asked 
for previous calendar month data on cotton and manmade fiber consumed, stocks 
and spindle activity. Mills are mailed questionnaires with the options of 
completing the survey by mail or by Electronic Data Reporting (EDR). For 
surveys not received in a reasonable amount of time, telephone follow-up is 
conducted.

Estimating Procedures: Imputation is done for operations with non-response by 
using historical data and current data relationships. Data for reporting 
firms are added to estimates for non-reporting firms to obtain National 
totals.

Revision Policy: Data are revised the following month based on late reports 
or corrected data. Final figures are published in the annual summary of the 
following year. 

Reliability: Approximately 50 reports are received each month which represent 
about 95 percent of total spindles. Monthly data can vary due to different 
firms reporting month to month. Survey data are also subject to non-sampling 
errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in processing the 
data. While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are minimized by 
carefully reviewing all reported data for consistency and reasonableness.

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the 
National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact for additional 
information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to nass@nass.usda.gov.

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch............................ (202) 720-2127

Travis Thorson, Head, Field Crops Section................... (202) 720-2127
   David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports.. (202) 720-8800
   Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet............ (202) 720-9526
   James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................... (202) 690-8533
   Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans............................ (202) 690-3234
   Irwin Anolik - Crop Weather, Barley...................... (202) 720-7621
   Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................... (202) 720-7688
   Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat................................. (202) 720-8068
   Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum........... (202) 720-5944
   Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds............... (202) 720-7369
   
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